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Oldtajmeri | Forum • Pogledaj temu - Bentley 3-Litre

Bentley 3-Litre

Bentley 3-Litre

Postod Sasha » Čet Apr 23, 2009 1:47 pm

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Prvi model kojim je pocela slavna istorija marke Bentley nosio je naziv 3-Litre. Uz to bio je to i prvi Bentley kojim je zapocela fantasticna karijera na legendarnoj utrci 24 sata LeMansa.

Walter Owen Bentley zapoceo je proizvoditi automobile nakon prvog svetskog rata. Tacnije, bilo je to u leto 1919. godine kada je osnovana kompanija Bentley Motors Ltd, a jos je iste godine na auto salonu u Londonu predstavljen prvi model Bentley 3-Litre. Mladi Mr W.O. usao je u biznis mozda malo i prenaglo tako da su kupci svoje modele dobili tek krajem 1921. godine

Ogromni cilindri

Prvi je Bentley imao mnogo detalja preuzetih s pobednickih bolida Mercedesa i Peugeota iz 1914. godine. Motor je imao cetiri, blago receno, ogromna cilindra (provrt i hod 80x149, sveukupno 2996 cm3 iz samo 4 cilindra) jednu bregastu osovinu u glavi, cetiri ventila po cilindru i dvostruke svecice. Klipovi su bili aluminijumski. Snaga je iznosila visokih 70 KS pri 3500/min, no stalnim doradama snaga je narasla do 85 KS 1925. godine. Model Super-Sport, kojeg je proizvedeno tek 18 komada, probio je magicnih 100 mph (160 km/h).

Najbrzi kamioneti Evrope

Sasija i ostali pripadajuci delovi nisu predstavljali nikakvu revoluciju. Sve je upucivalo na to kako Bentley igra na kartu snage i izdrzljivosti. Automobil je imao cetvorostepenski menjac sa zastarelim kvacilom, a sredinom 1923. godine kocnicama na zadnjim tockovima dodane su i one na prednjima. Bentley 3-Litre proizvodio se u vise varijacija razlicitih obzirom na medjuosovinski razmak (Short Standard, Tourist Trophy, Speed, Super-Sport, i Long Standard). Cinjenica da su bili prilicno cvrsti i robusni nije se nikada dovodila u pitanje; na kraju krajeva tezili su od 1450-2550 kg sto je ponukalo slavnog Ettore Bugattija da ih prozove najbrzim kamionetima u Evropi. Najbrzim? Upravo tako.

Fantasticni uspesi u LeMansu

24-satna utrka u LeMansu prvi je put odrzana 1923. godine. Bentley je dosao s 3-Litre modelom za cijim su se upravljacem izmenjivali John Duff i Woolf Barnato te su zauzeli odlicno cetvrto mesto. Sledece godine 3-Litre ponovno nastupa i tada Duff osvaja prvo mesto. Bila je to prva pobeda nefrancuskog automobila. Ta je pobeda ustvari delo Johna Duffa jer Bentley Motors nije imao nikakve veze s trkom, osim sto je uvezbao Duffove mehanicare. Vecina poznavatelja automobila zna kako je Bentley usko vezan uz legendarni LeMans no Bentley nije bio manjeg uspeha ni na ostalim trkama poput Brooklandsa i Tourist Trophy-a. 1927. godine stize nova pobeda u LeMansu. To je bila i jedna od najuzbudljivijih pobeda uopste. Usprkos sudaru s novijim 4.5-Litre modelom i jednim 3-Litre modelom, bolid 3-Litre Sammy Daviesa uspeo se dovuci do boksa gde su mehanicari sklepali potrgane delove, a Sammy i suvozac J.D.Banjafield uspeli su dohvatiti pobedu. Bila je to prva pobeda modela iza kojeg je u potpunosti stajala fabrika Bentley Motors Ltd.

Uspeh pa propast

1928. pobedu odnosi model s vecim cetverocilindricnim motorom: 4.5-Litre, a 6.5-Litre sesterocilindrasi to cine 1929. i 1930. Nazalost Bentley je godinu dana kasnije otisao u stecaj te ga kupuje Rolls-Royce. No to je vec druga prica.

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Proizvodnja: 1921-1929
Motor: R4, 2996 cm3
Snaga (KS): 70 @ 3500/min
Maksimalna brzina (km/h): 129
Broj proizvedenih primeraka: 1622
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Sasha
 
Postovi: 3149
Pridružio se: Uto Apr 07, 2009 11:24 pm
Lokacija: Novi Sad
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